Corruption of China’s Communist Party
It has been reported that there is widespread corruption among Chinese government officials including graft, bribery, use of official position for personal gain, blackmail, misuse of public money, and extortion.  One source cites graft and bribery as constituting over 50% of the economic crimes in China.
Under the current Chinese government, the rights of individuals are always subject to the drafting of new legislation that may suspend those rights.  Moreover, violations of those rights guaranteed by the Chinese constitution are generally not enforceable against the government because of the lack of checks and balances in the system. 
The Communist Party always takes precedent over the independent rule of law.  Chinese citizens may only exercise their right to freedom if their behavior does not infringe upon the interests of the society and the state.  Research has indicated that Chinese citizens who engage in promoting freedom of expression are arbitrarily arrested, detained, tortured, and convicted. 
Many crimes involving expression of ideas or even an association with an idea or movement that differs from the party line are classified as political crimes.  The ensuing trials are held in secret, excluding observers and even lawyers, under the excuse of maintaining state secrets.
Economic gain from organ harvesting
China sells organs of executed prisoners on a large scale for profit under the guise of state secrets.  China has a system that readily sentences, condemns, and executes human beings so that their organs can be sold by government officials for personal gain. 
Arrestees are often denied immediate access to legal representation following their detention.  Chinese police even take extreme steps to limit defense attorneys from assisting their clients. 
For example, Chinese police severely limit the length and number of times a defendant is allowed to meet with his attorney, require the attorney to brief police concerning the nature of the conversation prior to the meeting, cancel meetings that are intended to cover topics that are not preapproved, and severely restrict the attorney’s access to the prosecution’s evidence. 
Torture Is An Accepted Practice
Moreover, torture is often used to elicit confessions.  International organizations have documented the widespread abuse and torture of prisoners occurring at all types of detention facilities and legal institutions in China. 
One individual reported that he was forced to confess to a crime after undergoing torture perpetrated by the police that included electrical shock applied to the toes, fingers and genitals, beating with heavy chains and sticks, and injection of hot pepper, gasoline, and ginger into his nose.  Thus, it is not surprising then that China refuses to accept the Optional Protocol to the United Nations Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which allows for regular international inspection of detention centers.
Injustice is Inherent in China’s Criminal Justice System
In addition to the arrest and detention of prisoners, trials are often held before defendants are provided adequate time to prepare a defense.  Defendants do not have a guaranteed right to cross-examine witnesses. 
In addition, verdicts and subsequent sentences are often determined by private committees prior to a proper trial. Unfortunately, it is quite common for a court to have reached a verdict before the defendant even enters the courtroom. 
Continue Reading In Depth Look at the Law: China Death Vans and China’s Widespread Corruption – There is No Fairness in China’s Criminal Justice System