Today, Terence Lenamon argued his motion that Florida State Attorney Aramis Ayala be allowed to testify as part of the defense for Markeith Loyd. Back in 2017, Ms. Ayala declined to seek the death penalty as prosecutor in the Loyd case; as a result, Governor Rick Scott replaced her at the state’s trial table. (Watch an excerpt of the hearing here.)
Trial Court Judge Leticia Marques denied the motion.
The Loyd case is set for trial in September.
Read the Motion Presented in Loyd Defense, Asking for Ayala’s Testimony
The motion, as filed of record, is shown below for those interested in the arguments that were made today.
- To read the referenced Florida Jury Instructions, see the appendix to IN RE: STANDARD CRIM. JURY INSTRUCTIONS, 244 So. 3d 172 (Fla. 2018).
- To read the full case cited in today’s motion, see Lockett v. Ohio, 438 U.S. 586, 98 S. Ct. 2954, 57 L. Ed. 2d 973 (1978).
Terence Lenamon will once again be teaching at the In Defense of the Damned Seminar presented by Gerry Spence’s Trial Lawyers’ College.
The seminar will be held at the TLC Ranch outside of Dubois, Wyoming, near Yellowstone National Park over June 21-29. If you are interested in the possibility of attending this seminar, act fast. There is already a wait list.
ABOUT “CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS SERVE BOTH THE INNOCENT AND THE CRIMINAL ALIKE. WHEN SUCH RIGHTS ARE WRESTED FROM THOSE WHO ARE CRIMINALLY CHARGED, THEY ARE ALSO STOLEN FROM US.” – GERRY SPENCE
This TLC seminar on the Thunderhead Ranch in Dubois, WY will equip you with the critical skills you need for all phases of your most difficult trials, where everything is on the line for LIFE, DEATH AND FREEDOM. This course will help you access your individual unique selves in order to discover the story of your clients’ cases, develop honest defenses and perfect your performance during the most critical trial skills including voir dire, opening statement, direct, cross-examination and final argument. And you will learn how to apply the TLC methods of mitigation in the penalty phases of your cases. Supported by an experienced team of criminal defense lawyers, behavioral experts and communications specialists [at least a 6:1 student-faculty ratio], you will learn innovative TLC methods by doing, not suffering through endless lectures. You will learn how to win the hearts and minds of your jurors, even against overwhelming odds. Hands-on, small group work on cases will make your newly-learned methods readily accessible in the courtroom. Join us, and learn how to win justice for your client. Because of high demand for this course, attendees will be chosen based on caseload and other factors determined by faculty. Early registration does not guarantee a seat in this course.
As reported in the Tallahassee Democrat in its article “Funding for court-appointed counsel dries up; JAC can’t pay bills,” written by Jeffrey Schweers and published on April 11, 2019, Florida’s Justice Administrative Commission has run out of money.
Accordingly, Terence Lenamon has filed a motion to continue the current death penalty trial of Markeith Loyd, with all proceedings being placed on hold for around two months, giving JAC time to get back on track.
Hopefully, the motion will be heard on Wednesday, April 17, 2019. To read the complete Motion with its details regarding the impact of JAC funding on indigent defense in a capital case, click on the image below:
Across the world, death sentences and executions are happening for all sorts of reasons, and in many countries the legal protections advanced by Terence Lenamon and other criminal defense lawyers like him are not provided to the accused or to the convicted.
2018: More Executions in the United States
This month, Amnesty International released its latest findings into executions by the government worldwide. Among them:
- Amnesty International recorded at least 690 executions in 20 countries in 2018;
- There were 31% less executions in 2018 than in 2017 (at least 993);
- In 2018, there were fewer executions reported than Amnesty International has recorded in the past 10 years;
- The number of executions (25) and death sentences (45) reported in the United States rose in 2018 (albeit “slightly” as compared to 2017);
- Texas nearly doubled its figure compared to 2017 (from 7 to 13);
- Nebraska carried out its first execution since 1997;
- South Dakota carried out its first execution since 2012; and
- Tennessee carried out its first execution since 2009.
Full Report: Death Sentences and Executions 2018 by Amnesty International
For more on the Death Penalty in 2018, read the full text of the new report from Amnesty International:
Terence Lenamon’s upcoming capital case docket involves the death penalty defense of Michael James Jackson. Jackson is currently a resident of Florida’s Death Row.
Continuing Impact of Hurst on Florida Death Penalty
This case is one of the many Florida death penalty cases that have gone under review in the aftermath of Hurst v. Florida. For details on the Supreme Court of the United States’ ruling in Hurst, see:
- Florida Supreme Court Rules in Hurst v. Florida: Unconstitutional
- What Does the New Hurst Decision Mean for Florida Death Penalty?
- Florida Death Row Inmates Getting Review After Hurst
- Florida Death Penalty, Hurst v. Florida, and Three SCOTUS Justices
For a complete listing of the cases impacted by Hurst, see the ongoing online reporting table provided by the Death Penalty Information Center, which explains that Michael James Jackson was granted a new sentencing hearing in June 2017 by the Florida Supreme Court.
The table also lists those who have been denied re-hearings, or new sentencing trials, as well as those Death Row inmates that have been executed since the Hurst considerations began.
Lenamon Defense Begins on June 10, 2019
Terry is scheduled to be in the courtroom at the defense table, arguing on behalf of Michael Jackson, beginning in Jacksonville, Florida, on June 10, 2019.
“A tough one,” says Terry. Why?
Well, for one thing, the Florida Supreme Court has already heard Mr. Jackson’s arguments and opined that “… Jackson’s death sentences are proportionate punishment for his capital offenses.”
Read the complete 2009 Florida Supreme Court Opinion here, now part of the Terry Lenamon Online Library:
California Governor Gavin Newsom Blocks Capital Punishment Throughout the State, Ending Death Penalty in a Single Order
In Florida, Texas, and most other states where prosecutors are given the option of seeking the death penalty (as are federal prosecutors under federal law), the focus is upon the individual case. Will the state ask for death? Will it file its Notice of Intent to Seek the Death Penalty? If so, then the defense team responds. Both in the guilt phase and the sentencing trial, the capital defense lawyers fight to stop the death penalty from being imposed upon the defendant.
Note: for details on how the state can move back and forth on seeking the death penalty, read Terry Lenamon’s experiences as a defense lawyer in the Casey Anthony case in his memoir, Heinous, Atrocious and Cruel: Casebook of a Death Penalty Attorney.
This month, the State of California reminds us that the ability to stop the death penalty can and does lie with one person, whose executive decisions are powerful enough to block executions as well as prosecutorial requests for capital punishment. By one signature, the death penalty is off the table in pending cases (and future ones) and Death Row residents have hope restored.
Here is how that happens; see the Executive Order signed by California Governor Gavin Newsom on March 13, 2019 (full text below). The Newsom Order does three huge things, as it:
- declares a moratorium on executions of California’s 737 inmates on death row;
- orders a withdrawal of California’s lethal injection protocol; and
- calls for the immediate closure of the execution chamber at San Quentin State Prison.
The only thing we don’t see here is the Governor ordering a Death Row resident to be freed outright, or for the change of any existing Death Row sentence.
This is Not Permanent: The Order Will Expire
Many hail this as a tremendous victory for those who oppose the death penalty. And it is.
However, we all have to remember that this is not a permanent change. The Executive Order lives for the term of the current governor’s time in office. New election with a new person in that office? Things can change.
Full Text of Governor Newsom’s Order Ending California’s Death Penalty
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT STATE OF CALIFORNIA
Executive Order N-09-19
WHEREAS, California’s death penalty system is unfair, unjust, wasteful, protracted and does not make our state safer.
WHEREAS, the state’s bedrock responsibility to ensure equal justice under the law applies to all people no matter their race, mental ability, where they live, or how much money they have.
WHEREAS, death sentences are unevenly and unfairly applied to people of color, people with mental disabilities. and people who cannot afford costly legal representation.
WHEREAS. innocent people have been sentenced to death in California. Moreover, the National Academy of Sciences estimates that as many as one in 25 people sentenced to death in the United States is likely innocent.
WHEREAS, since 1978, California has spent $5 billion on a death penalty system that has executed 13 people.
WHEREAS, no person has been executed since 2006 because California’s execution protocols have not been lawful. Yet today, 25 California death row inmates have exhausted all of their state and federal appeals and could be eligible for an execution date.
WHEREAS, I will not oversee execution of any person while Governor.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GAVIN NEWSOM, Governor of the State of California, in accordance with the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the State of California, do hereby issue the following order to become effective immediately:
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT:
1 . An executive moratorium on the death penalty shall be instituted in the form of a reprieve for all people sentenced to death in California. This moratorium does not provide for the release of any person from prison or otherwise alter any current conviction or sentence.
2. California’s lethal injection protocol shall be repealed.
3. The Death Chamber at San Quentin shall be immediately closed in light of the foregoing.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that as soon as hereafter possible, this Order shall be filed with the Office of the Secretary of State and that widespread publicity and notice shall be given to this Order.
This Order is not intended to, and does not, create any rights or benefits, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, against the State of California, its departments, agencies, or other entities, its officers or employees or any other person.
Governor of California
ALEX PADILLA Secretary of State
Over in Alabama, Death Row Inmate Vernon Madison was found guilty of capital murder several years ago. He was sentenced to death.
As he lived his live on Death Row and waited to die at the hands of the State of Alabama, Mr. Madison’s health declined. He suffered several strokes. His doctors determined that he suffered from vascular dementia.
This led to his defense lawyers to file for a stay of his execution. The reason being that now, given his current condition, he was mentally incompetent. A key point to their argument: Vernon Madison can not remember committing the crime for which he had been sentenced to death.
Alabama brought forth two SCOTUS decisions: Ford and Panetti, arguing that they were based upon the convicted individual suffering from gross delusions. It is not contested that Vernon Madison does not experience delusions.
The case wound its way through to the Supreme Court of the United States, which issued its opinion (over a vigorous dissent by Justices Alito, Thomas, and Gorsuch), making things clear for Death Row inmates who have lived so long under the threat of execution that they now suffer from aging issues like dementia.
Dementia and the Death Penalty
From the majority opinion in Madison v. Alabama:
[T]wo matters disputed below should now be clear. First, under Ford and Panetti, the Eighth Amendment may permit executing Madison even if he cannot remember committing his crime.
Second, under those same decisions, the Eighth Amendment may prohibit executing Madison even though he suffers from dementia, rather than delusions.
The sole question on which Madison’s competency depends is whether he can reach a “rational understanding” of why the State wants to execute him. Panetti, 551 U. S., at 958.
While those who argue in support of capital punishment suggest that it helps keep police officers safer on the streets — the idea being that the death penalty is a deterrent here — research undertaken by the Death Penalty Information Center suggests otherwise.
After reviewing 31 years of FBI research on the murders of police officers across the country, and comparing the results between states with death penalty laws and those without capital punishment, the DPIC discovered the murder rate for police officers is HIGHER in most of the states WITH the death penalty.
From DPIC’s overview, Executive Director Robert Dunham explains:
“There’s no evidence that the death penalty deters murder and there’s no evidence that it protects the police. Murder rates may be affected by many things, but the death penalty doesn’t appear to be one of them.”
DPIC Study Details: Death Penalty and Protecting Police
For more, check out the powerpoint presentation given by DPIC’s Robert Dunham’s on this DPIC study, “Life After the Death Penalty: What Happens in States that Abolish the Death Penalty?,” which he presented at the Joint Meeting of the American Bar Association and New York City Bar Association, August 14, 2017. For the underlying research supporting the DPIC’s findings, go here.
Click the image:
“Clemency,” was inspired by the true story of Troy Davis’ Execution by the State of Georgia in 2011
This month, the U.S. Grand Jury Prize for Drama at the Sundance Film Festival was awarded to the film “Clemency,” directed by Chinonye Chukwu.
Critics and Viewers Rave About Clemency
Clemency is acclaimed at the Rotten Tomatoes movie review site with the rare “100%” score. Everyone loves this movie. Moreover, not only are there are an overwhelming number of rave reviews for both the movie itself but also for the performances of its lead actors, Alfre Woodard as prison warden Bernadine Williams, and Aldis Hodge as the condemned man.
Read Variety’s review here.
The Complexities Involved in Sentencing Someone to Death
From a death penalty defense perspective, the film helps to explain the complex realities of the government sentencing someone to die for their actions. Unlike earlier capital punishment approaches, this one delves into the perspective of someone within the Death Row system itself: the warden who must oversee the executions.
A summary from Film Affinity describes Clemency this way:
Bernadine Williams (Alfre Woodard) is a prison warden who, over the years, has been drifting away from her husband while dutifully carrying out executions in a maximum security prison. When she strikes up a unique bond with death-row inmate Anthony Woods (Aldis Hodge), a layer of emotional skin is peeled back, forcing Bernadine to confront the complex—and often contradictory—relationship between good intentions, unrequited desires, and what it means to be sanctioned to kill.
Clemency’s Approach and Death Penalty Defense
This is an important film for those interested in the issues surrounding capital punishment in this country. Not only is it a stunning success, but it shines a light on the psychological and all too human circumstances that must be considered and addressed by the defense in any death penalty trial’s penalty phase. Terry Lenamon and Bernadine Williams would have a lot to discuss ….
Be on the lookout for this Must See Movie at your local theater.