Supplying the International Demand for Human Transplant Organs is Big Business in China
The demand for transplantable organs is the main reason why organ procurement is so pervasive in China.  It is common knowledge that high-paying customers will receive a prompt organ transplant in China. Former transplant patients have reported that they were expected to hand out “red envelopes” filled with money to every doctor they saw.
The money is shared with both prison and court officials. It has been reported that foreign nationals pay upwards of $200,000 for an organ transplant performed in China, using Chinese donors.  Sadly, there is also a reported case where a transplant recipient died because the essential post-operation care and treatment ceased because the patient ran out of money.
Due to the high demand for organs, the large number of death-row prisoners, the improved medical technology, and the huge profits, selling organs from executed prisoners in China will continue.  The situation is exacerbated because many of the people who are key participants in the harvesting of the organs are poorly paid prison and hospital administrators.
Executions for Profit Have Extra Benefit — Intimidation and Control of the Citizenry
China’s organ procurement from the bodies of executed prisoners is not only a lucrative money-maker, it is also a method to coerce and intimate the general population into submission of government control.  Actually, since the discovery of the lucrative organ transplant market, the number of crimes punishable by death has increased.
Chinese web bulletins boards have reported information discussing the sale and corruption of the “organ business.”  Chinese websites advertising organ transplants openly admit to obtaining their organs from executed prisoners.  One website specifically targeting foreigners announced on the front page that viscera or soft interior organs including brain, lungs, and heart could be found immediately.  This website also thanked the support of the Chinese government, specifically naming the Supreme Demotic Court. 
Secrecy in the Chinese government
China has maintained an air of secrecy concerning the sale of organs harvested from executed prisoners, concealing the transfer of profits.  China strove to keep the 1984 order on the use of prisoner cadavers confidential in order to avoid international backlash.  Even official figures regarding death sentences and executions in China are kept secret from the public and foreigners.  Additionally, international human rights organizations are not permitted to visit prisoners in China.  Until recently, the Chinese government emphatically denied the legal procurement of organs from Chinese prisoners condemned to death.
The only people that would be present at the scene of an organ harvesting are the victim and the perpetrators.  No bystanders would be allowed to witness the event.  Afterward, no body would be found, and no autopsy would be conducted.  The body would be cremated, and the evidence vanished.  The operating room would be left like any other empty operating room.  Cremation of the body prevents any evidence from surfacing regarding the harvesting of organs.  In addition, any wills created by condemned prisoners are subject to official censorship by the government.
The Supreme People’s Court issued a secret regulation concerning a prisoner’s last will and testament that states, “Those parts which are slanderous in nature or which make reactionary statements are not to be handed over to the person’s family . . . sections complaining about grievances or alleged injustices are not to be passed on to the person’s family.”  When one executed prisoner’s brother asked to see the documentation of his brother’s consent to donate his organs, the Chinese officials would not give him the information.  Furthermore, the government warned the brother that if he did not keep silent, he and his family would face retaliation.
Organ transplant recipients have stated that the entire process is completed with a “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy.  The recipients are typically not told the names of their doctors or the identity of the donors.  They are not given any documentation revealing the consent of the donor or family members.  Moreover, the procedure is often performed in the middle of the night.
China’s Government Keeps Journalists From Reporting On Its Executions for Profit Programs
China continues to crack down on individual journalists, newspapers, and websites for reporting any news the government deems sensitive.  In the Shandong province, it was reported that the Pingdu city government issued a document in March 2007 requesting that officials “use all measures to downsize the impact of negative reporting to a minimum level.” 
Chinese national reporters caught reporting on human rights violations from within China are subjected to imprisonment and often charged with communicating state secrets.  For the two years prior to August 2006, the Chinese police had detained foreign journalists at least thirty-eight times for covering social issues, including environmental protests, land disputes, and AIDS victims. 
While foreign journalists are only detained for relatively short periods of time, Chinese journalists face much harsher punishment.  One Chinese journalist suffered from beatings and sleep deprivation while in prison for posting political essays on the Internet. 
Yahoo, Google, and MSN Go Along with China’s Secrecy
Some large corporations are aiding China in its agenda to maintain its secrecy of governmental practices and suppress the freedom of its citizens .  Yahoo, Google, and Microsoft have all facilitated or at least participated in China’s repression of the media, enabling China’s claim of state secrets. 
Yahoo signed China’s “Public Pledge on Self-discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry,” which means that Yahoo agreed to officially censor the Internet.  Yahoo has also provided the Chinese government with account holder information, which led to the conviction of at least four Chinese Internet users. 
Google has introduced a self-censoring search engine specifically designed for China as an alternative for its existing search engine.
At the Chinese government’s request, Microsoft shut down the blog of a China-based researcher working for the New York Times.  Microsoft has also prohibited Chinese MSN Spaces account holders from using specific terms including “human rights,” “Falun Gong,” and “Tibet Independence” in their account names or page titles. 
Brown, supra note 1, at 1078.
 Organs, supra note 4, at 46 (statement of Harry Wu, Executive Dir., The Laogai Research Foundation); Traditionally in Chinese culture, money gifts are given in small red envelopes, symbolizing good luck and fortune.
 Hemphill, supra note 29, at 438.
 Organs, supra note 4, at 46 (statement of Harry Wu, Executive Dir., The Laogai Research Foundation).
 Brown, supra note 1, at 1079.
. Organs, supra note 4, at 11 (statement of Michael E. Parmly, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau for Democracy, Human Right and Labor, Dept. of State).
 Id. at 1 (statement of Fla. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Member, Comm. on Int’l. Relations, Chairwoman, Subcomm. on Int’l. Ops. and Human Rights ).
 Id. at 29 (statement of Nancy Scheper-Hughes, Project Dir., Organs Watch).
 Id. at 11 (statement of Michael E. Parmly, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau for Democracy, Human Right and Labor, Dept. of State).
 Failing, supra note 31, at 3.
 Bloody, supra note 67, at 17.
 Hemphill, supra note 29, at 443-44.
 Id. at 446.
 Repression, supra note 10, at 8.
 Bloody, supra note 67, at 4.
 Hemphill, supra note 29, at 446.
 Bloody, supra note 67, at 3.
 Id. at 4.
 Brown, supra note 1, at 1068.
 Id. at 1068-69.
 Allison K. Owen, Death Row Inmates or Organ Donors: China’s Source of Body Organs for Medical Transplantation, 5 (No. 2) IND. INT’L & COMP. L. REV. 495, 502 (1995).
 Organs, supra note 4, at 2 (statement of Fla. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Member, Comm. on Int’l. Relations, Chairwoman, Subcomm. on Int’l. Ops. and Human Rights ).
 Bloody, supra note 67, at 20.
 Failing, supra note 31, at 13.
 Repression, supra note 10, at 19.
 Bloody, supra note 67, at 4.
 Failing, supra note 31, at 13.
 Id. at 14.
 Id. at 15.
 Failing, supra note 31, at 16.
 Id. at 15.
 Id. at 15-16.